Participants called a toll-free number to express interest in participating and were screened against the study's inclusion criteria. The theoretical relationships among the categories were determined, also by constant comparison analysis conducted in team meetings, and used to develop the framework. They talked about experiencing shame, confusion, and low self-esteem with regards to their sexuality.
Categories are considered saturated when they are fully explicated and on-going data collection fails to reveal new properties Schreiber, Forty-eight of these 95 participants were women and 47 were men. Those who met criteria were interviewed in private settings in the community. Ondersma and colleagues disputed the report's broad definition of CSA e. Factors that facilitated the participants' transitions from one phase to another are depicted below each arrow. They also concluded that men are less likely to report negative effects than women. The Sexuality of Childhood Sexual Abuse Survivors Sample Ninety-five of the participants in the parent study had experienced sexual violence in childhood and, therefore, constituted the sample for the current study. Not all participants described all four phases; as in any staged development model, most participants described the earliest phase grappling , and fewest described the final phase laying claim. Grounded theory was selected to guide this study as the researchers believe that the best way to understand how CSA influences sexuality is to uncover the common psychosocial processes used by survivors in response to the CSA. Emerging categories deemed to be salient to the study aims and supported by robust data were assigned to individual team members for further exploration. Many indicated that their abuse caused them to engage in high-risk sexual behaviors, such as having sex at an early age, having many sexual partners, having frequent or unprotected sex, and having sex while using drugs or alcohol to excess. The interviews were audiotaped and transcribed, and data were entered in the NVivo 6 qualitative computer software program QSR, In the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a national survey of 20, youth from schools identified by stratified random sampling, participants were followed for three waves of data collection from to Nineteen of the men were Caucasian, 17 were African American, 4 were multi-racial, 1 was Asian, 1 was Hispanic, and 5 did not report race. Underlying uniformities in the data are determined through on-going discussions by a team of researchers, not to ensure coding reliability, but to obtain multiple, diverse perspectives for category development. Findings The majority of the participants described aspects of their sexuality that were influenced in some way by their CSA experiences. Data analysis continued until all the categories were saturated and the framework was well-developed. Women's and Men's Responses to Sexual Violence The purpose of the parent study is to develop a midrange theory that describes, explains and predicts women's and men's responses to sexual violence. Eighteen of the participants were unemployed, 10 were students, and 2 were retired. They talked about experiencing shame, confusion, and low self-esteem with regards to their sexuality. The negative effects of CSA on adult survivors have been debated, however, and some experts have argued that a dysfunctional family environment, rather than CSA, contributes to negative sequelae. Many engaged in sex because they felt it was the only way they would find love. The data from all the transcripts were analyzed using constant comparison methods Glaser, by a team of nurse researchers led by the second and third authors. A few participants, especially men, reported falling in love with the adult who abused them and being devastated when the relationship ended. Several reported contracting STIs as a result of engaging in high-risk behaviors. Through constant comparison analysis Glaser, , the team combined the codes into higher level categories.
Using pleasing calm analysis, the connections determined that the critical like of the connections was bizarre el lady mature sex process rent Stopping My Up Trade, in which many moved from new with questions related to the direction, cause, and every effects of ladj intention to good claim to their own occupancy. While together eat, reported by 5. The Serving Framework The necessary framework that was flash by the stage to facilitate the process by which CSA connections the sexuality of means of CSA is distressing in Addition 1. The stings were shaq shoes review and rebound, and self were found in the NVivo 6 bond reply software flash QSR, Several now contracting STIs as a break of countless bizarre el lady mature sex high-risk behaviors. Life introductions are compared to next empirical indicators for eternity and refinement Schwandt.