Medical device maker Medtronic also started business in the Twin Cities in Increased mobility, in turn, enabled more specialized jobs. Land west of the Mississippi River was acquired with the Louisiana Purchase , although a portion of the Red River Valley was disputed until the Treaty of The construction of Fort Snelling followed between and
Cities and towns[ edit ] National Farmers Bank in Owatonna by Louis Sullivan Saint Paul , in east-central Minnesota along the banks of the Mississippi River, has been Minnesota's capital city since , first as capital of the Territory of Minnesota , and then as the state capital since Late that century, Anishinaabe migrated westward to Minnesota, causing tensions with the Dakota people. Planting became more specialized with hybridization of corn and wheat, and the use of farm machinery such as tractors and combines became the norm. University of Minnesota professor Norman Borlaug contributed to these developments as part of the Green Revolution. These cities were situated on rivers that were ideal for transportation. In the region became part of Spanish Louisiana until The ore was shipped by rail to Duluth and Two Harbors , then loaded onto ships and transported eastward over the Great Lakes. Nevertheless, farming remained prevalent. Compounding the adversity, western Minnesota and the Dakotas were hit by drought from to Medical device maker Medtronic also started business in the Twin Cities in The first territorial legislature held September 2,  was dominated by men from New England or of New England ancestry. The first Europeans in the area were French voyageur fur traders who arrived in the 17th century and began using the Grand Portage to access trapping and trading areas further inland. Increased mobility, in turn, enabled more specialized jobs. New Deal programs provided some economic turnaround. As Europeans settled the east coast, Native Americans moved away from them causing migration of the Anishinaabe also known as Ojibwe and other Native Americans into the Minnesota area. The construction of Fort Snelling followed between and Saint Paul is adjacent to Minnesota's most populous city, Minneapolis; they and their suburbs are known collectively as the Twin Cities metropolitan area , the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States, and home to about 54 percent of the state's population. This provided natives a greater voice within the state, and promoted more respect for tribal customs because religious ceremonies and native languages were no longer suppressed. It later merged with Remington Rand , and then became Sperry Rand. Minnesota's economy was hard-hit by the Great Depression , resulting in lower prices for farmers, layoffs among iron miners, and labor unrest. The populations of metropolitan Sherburne and Scott counties doubled between and , while 40 of the state's 87 counties lost residents over the same period. Meanwhile, squatters, government officials, and tourists had settled near the fort. The Civilian Conservation Corps and other programs around the state established some jobs for Indians on their reservations, and the Indian Reorganization Act of provided the tribes with a mechanism of self-government. Croix , Stillwater , and Winona , processed high volumes of lumber. Innovations by Minneapolis millers led to the production of Minnesota "patent" flour, which commanded almost double the price of "bakers'" or "clear" flour, which it replaced.
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