Summary of national findings. The easy access to these prescription inhalers has created an image for children and their families that the devices are innocuous, said the investigators. Only one student said they abused an asthma inhaler to get high.
Documented use of medical gases such as ether, nitrous oxide, or chloroform for the purpose of altering the mind-state first appeared in the late 19th century. The inherent properties of bronchodilators like albuterol Ventolin, Proventil, ProAir and pirbuterol Maxair are not physically addictive. She completed an Honors Degree in Psychology in , focusing on eating disorders and personality. Boyd said the eighth and ninth grades are often a time when students are curious about experimenting with drugs. Six said they obtained their inhalers from friends. Discussion According to national data, when compared to other age groups, adolescents and young adults reported the highest prevalence of non-medical use of prescription drugs Office of Applied Studies, with approximately 9. Substance Use and Misuse. Their usage and dosing vary according to severity and response of patients. High dose short-acting beta2-agonists, in fact, have been associated with cardiovascular adverse effects such as palpitations, blood pressure changes and ECG abnormalities Chervinsky et al. It appears that in this population, when prescribed use increased there was a corresponding increase in the misuse of inhalers. There were 52 students who said they had a prescription inhaler and abused it, while 36 students said they lacked a prescription inhaler, but misused other people's inhalers. And while our data provide some preliminary insights into this issue, ways to reduce this form of diversion needs to be further explored. Students may be unaware of the dangers associated with sharing medication; they may see how the inhaler helps reduce their respiratory distress, and share the medication with a friend without even realizing that this may be problematic. However, the occasional use of these products appears to be safe and effective when used according to labeled instruction by individuals with mild, intermittent asthma, they concluded. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. A new form of drug abuse? For example, adolescents with unknown cardiovascular disorders may be at increased risk for serious medical complications if they use asthma inhalers without a prescription ; this is even more likely if these adolescents exceed the recommended dose. These are two questions that beg for a greater number of well designed research studies. Introduction to inhalant abuse. Summary of national findings. Salbutamol is the short acting b2 agonist SABA and is the most frequently used inhaler as rescue treatment for all asthma patients. Indeed, students who used asthma inhaler medication solely as prescribed by their doctor were no more likely to abuse substances than non-users of prescription asthma inhalers. Howard is "absolutely astounded" that more investigators haven't followed his path and explored this topic. Boyd and colleagues wrote in the upcoming November issue of Addictive Behaviors. A total of 1, fifth- through 10th-graders in a single Detroit public school district were asked to access a secure Internet survey at their school to answer a series of questions about inhaler use and substance abuse.
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