However, Section b  of the penal code contains an exception to the general age of consent: In , the age of consent was harmonized at 15 for all acts[ citation needed ]. History[ edit ] Before the year , the legal age of consent in Croatia was
However Article 2 has a provision for those who are over 14 and do "not understand the characteristics or the importance of the act. In the UK, under the Sexual Offences Act , it is illegal to engage in sexual activity with someone under the age of In some cases, it may be a defence to say that it was reasonable that there was a belief that the person was 16 or over. In West Germany the latter rule was kept, with minor changes in This is the reality but the law is there for a reason — to protect the vulnerable and less experienced. Article Sexual intercourse with the person below the age of 16 years, as well as the same offences linked with satisfaction of sexual passion in perverted forms shall be punished by imprisonment up to 3 years. A man is said to commit "rape" if he Sex with a child under the age of 12 results in double punishment, and sex with a minor under 18 is illegal for a person in charge of this child. As of September , the convention has been ratified by 44 states, while another 3 states have signed but not yet ratified the convention. Even though the age of consent is 15 years old, the offender can only be charged and prosecuted if a legal complaint is lodged to the law enforcement. Whitehall sources indicated that the law would be strengthened. The European Commission repeated its warning that Cyprus must follow the Court's ruling. Some jurisdictions prohibit all sex outside of marriage irrespective of age, as in the case of Yemen. However, under the Child Protection Act, the age of consent could be raised to Finland[ edit ] The age of consent in Finland is 16, as specified by Section 6 1 Sexual abuse of a child , which reads: Yet, if we consider that one in three teenagers are having sex before the age of 16, does that mean the age of consent needs to be considered again in the UK? Bulgaria[ edit ] The age of consent in Bulgaria is 14, as specified by Articles and 1. Only only men of 18 or older could be offenders and courts could refrain from punishment if the offender was not yet In , it was raised to 16 after agitation from women groups about the adverse effect of early pregnancy. Examples of such positions of trust include relationships between teachers and students. Businessman Geoffrey Neal Mason was freed from jail in Romania last January after serving four years of a nine-year sentence for having sex with several children aged as young as Often, enforcement is not exercised to the letter of the law, with legal action being taken only when a sufficiently socially-unacceptable age gap exists between the two individuals, or if the perpetrator is in a position of power over the minor e. In , the age of consent was harmonized at 15 for all acts[ citation needed ]. One member of the inter-departmental ministerial working group on sexual offending, which will agree the changes said constructive suggestions had been made about how to make it easier to deter and punish sex tourists. Several Western countries have raised their ages of consent recently.
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